Groups Formed

Due to different skills (as determined by the electronic tests), the participants are divided into groups, given below:


The session engages participants in solo exchanges. For the material used before session, key is large font size and extensive use of color illustrations to convey the message. Most of those are children’s books.


The session relies partly on a spontaneous tools like story telling on travel abroad. For instance a professional chef will have a French cookbook as reference. Those come after structured presentation, based on excerpts to read or prepared notes. Listening reviews are done from session to session. It is likely that some work toward longer material over time.


Greater use of spontaneity is expected than other levels. This may include short hand notes to support a presentation instead of a detailed script. Other ways for the session maybe a recap on the news (open ended topics) since last session/ The same follows for other group members.

Material (print format-only)

Texts used for training by each group

Reading tools

See PRACTICE for selection of the sources

Text parameters, used for assignments

  • Length
  • Complexity
  • Illustrations
  • Subject
    • Familiar
    • Unfamiliar

Types of texts

  • Media
    • Book
    • Magazine article
    • Newspaper article
    • Comic book or graphic novel
  • Genres
    • News
    • History and politics
    • Science
    • Adventure and fantasy
    • Fables
    • Poetry
    • Music and dance

Synopsis Principles

Open the Presentation

See guidelines under PRACTICE

Prepare and Present selected material

Without written rules common among all presenters. the synopsis relies upon a few factors; a determining step is the preparation

Read the material or review visual aids, identify what stands out as key points. A matter of interpretation

Condense those key points with a few sentences or phrases. Subject to the person’s familiarity with subject or author, this might incorporate other relevant insight or alter the points prepared above

Simplify summary or alter it to address points raised. Output will be shorter for beginners and potentially closer to the narrative found in the source. Output will be longer for intermediate or advanced and may extrapolate from the source

End the presentation

See guidelines under PRACTICE

Priorities for the Training

Enable all levels to participate in ways suitable to their skills. Keep balance among levels in a supportive environment and vary the pace if needed

Keep reading material challenging enough for the intermediate to advanced levels. Ensure group motivation via a separate advanced group, if enough participants for intermediate and advanced group

Offer tips on phonetics, spelling or grammar, especially when such information is key to comprehension

Use the same learning aids or visual tools among all participants. Respect individual input and avoid comparison among the answers

Help beginner to intermediate participants to expand their skills by encouraging them with more challenging reading material suitable to their progress